The James Webb Space Telescope took a detailed picture of the so-called Pillars Of Creation. It shows three towering towers made from interstellar gas and dust, which are speckled with newly formed starlets.
This area is located in the Eagle Nebula, 6,500 light years from Earth. It was previously captured by the Hubble Telescope in 2015. The image was deemed “iconic by space observers”.
This area is named for the fact that new stars are being formed within the dark columns of cosmic dust gas.
Webb telescope used the Near-Infrared Camera (also known as NIRCam) to provide astronomers with a closer look at the region. It glimpsed through dusty plumes to reveal bright red infant stars.
According to a European Space Agency news release, “Newly formed protostars will be the scene-stealers.” “When enough mass is added to the pillars of dust and gas, knots begin to form and they collapse under their gravity. They then heat up slowly and form new stars.”
Astronomers have returned to this area several times since Hubble’s first image in the 1990s. The ESA William Herschel Telescope created Hubble’s 2014 follow-up image. According to ESA, each new instrument that focuses on the area provides new insights for researchers.
“Wavy lines running along the edges of the pillars look almost like lava. These are stars still forming and are ejected from them. According to a news release, young stars occasionally emit jets that interact with clouds of material like these thick pillars of gas and dust.”
It states that bow shocks can sometimes occur, which can cause wavy patterns similar to a boat’s as it moves through the water. These young stars are only estimated to be a few hundred thousand years old and will continue to form for millions more years.
NASA, ESA, and Canada’s Space Agency operate Webb. The $10 billion-capacity space observatory was launched in December and has enough fuel to take unprecedented images of the cosmos over the next 20 years.
The space observatory’s massive mirror and infrared technology can reveal faint, distant galaxies which are otherwise hidden. This is a significant improvement in the capabilities of other telescopes. Webb also has the potential for enhancing our understanding of the origins and evolution of the universe.
Webb’s initial images, which were released in July, highlight the observatory’s ability to see previously undiscovered aspects of the cosmos. These include star birth that is shrouded by dust.
Astronomers also use the telescope’s precise and stable image quality to illuminate our solar system. The telescope has already taken images of Mars and Jupiter, but so far, it is only taking images of Neptune and Neptune.